Recent advances on nematic order reconstruction
R. Barberi1, G.Lombardo1, R. Hamdi1, F. Cosenza1, F.Ciuchi1, A. Amoddeo2
1 CNR IPCF LiCryL  Liquid Crystal Lab., Physics Department, University of Calabria,
Via P. Bucci, Cubo 32/C, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
2 Mechanics and Materials Department, University "Mediterranea" of Reggio Calabria,
Via Graziella 1, Feo di Vito, 89122 Reggio Calabria, Italy
Investigations on Picell, a sandwich cell with the director rotating by 180°,
are demonstrating the possibility to obtain nematic transitions between two textures with
different topologies, for instance between an untwisted state and a Pitwisted one. Fast topological changes
can be observed by means of suitable electric fields or by micro/nanoconfinement in the nematic bulk or close to
a boundary surface. A strong frustration, in fact, as in the case of a strong local distortion, can induce
transient and/or local biaxial states inside a nematic calamitic phase and the resultant nematic dynamics demands
a full Landaude Gennes Qtensor description.
In this work, we present Qtensor numerical models capable to describe the nematic order dynamics in full details,
comparing theoretical results with experiments. We will also discuss as nematic order reconstruction close to a boundary
surface with strong or infinite anchoring conditions can provide transitions equivalent to anchoring breaking.
References
1. R. Barberi, F. Ciuchi, G. Lombardo, R. Bartolino, G. Durand, Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 137801 (2004).
2. F. Ciuchi, H. Ayeb, G. Lombardo, R. Barberi, G.E. Durand, Appl. Phys. Lett. 91, 244104 (2007).
3. G. Lombardo, H. Ayeb, F. Ciuchi, M.P. De Santo, R. Barberi, R. Bartolino, E.G. Virga, G.E. Durand, Phys. Rev. E 77, 020702 (2008).
4. G. Carbone, G. Lombardo, R. Barberi, I. Musevic, U. Tkalec, Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 167801 (2009).
5. H. Ayeb, G. Lombardo, F. Ciuchi, R. Hamdi, A. Gharbi, G. Durand, R. Barberi, "Surface order reconstruction in nematics", accepted for publication by APL (2010).
